Acne Canada - Your Acne Treatment Guide

Types of Acne by Acne Canada

Mild to moderate acne:

Blackheads Blackheads are partially clogged pores that permit some oil, bacteria and dead skin cells to surface. The skin's pigment reacts to oxygen to create the black colour. Although these dark spots seem quick to appear, they take considerable time to disappear.

Whiteheads Whiteheads are clogged pores that hold in oil, bacteria and dead skin cells, which results in a white spot on the surface just waiting to be popped. Stop! Lather your face with warm water, wash your hands, sterilize a needle and probe the blemish. Gently squeeze each side and use a fresh tissue to dab away fluid. Stop before it bleeds! Whiteheads can usually be cleared up long before blackheads.

Pustules Pustules resemble inflamed whiteheads. They look like red circles with a white or yellow core. Take the same precautions to pop a pustule as you would a whitehead.

Papules Papules are swollen, red bumps with no head. Whatever you do try not to pop them or you'll provoke scars.

Mild to moderate acne can be easily treated with effective acne treatment products.

Severe acne:

Nodules Nodules are large, solid and sometimes painful bumps that build below the skin's surface. Don't pick or pop these ones because it can cause scarring which may last for months.

Cysts Cysts resemble a fatter, fluid-filled nodule that is often painful. Again, resist the temptation to pop a cyst as it can delay healing and provoke scarring.

Acne Scars

True scars are hard to cover up with makeup and near impossible to reverse. The skin's surface is uneven with the appearance of pot-holes. Deep blemishes, picking, and squeezing can instigate or worsen this condition.

Acne scars result from a loss of tissue or excess tissue growth.

Ice-Pick Scars Ice-pick scars are often small, but deep holes with steep sides that appear on the cheeks. They can be hard or soft, but only the latter can improve by stretching the skin.

Ragged Scars Ragged scars are shallow holes with jagged edges.

Dell Scars Dell scars are shallow holes with smooth edges that create a rippled effect on the skin's surface.

Follicular Macular Atrophy Follicular macular atrophy looks like whiteheads on the back or chest. These scars can persist for a month or permanently.

Atrophic Macules Atrophic macules are soft scars with a wrinkly base. They appear small on the face, or larger on the body. Blood vessels under the skin cause the scar to take on a bluish-purple tint, but eventually this fades to a pale ivory.

Keloids Keloids are the result of excess collagen production. It starts as a pimple, but instead of healing it continues to grow into a hard, reddish-brown bump. They're mostly seen on the back, chest, shoulders and jawline of those who are genetically predisposed.

Severe acne can also be treated using the best acne skin care products.

Acne-like Conditions

Rosacea Rosacea is a rash on the face and neck that looks a lot like acne vulgaris. Since it's often paired with pimples, people quite often call it adult acne. In fact, it's caused by excessive circulation. This creates a blotchy skin surface. Rosacea affects mostly women, but it's usually more severe when found in men.

Eczema Eczema is a recurring rash thought to be genetic in families with allergies and it affects all age groups. In mild forms the skin is dry, hot and itchy. In its more severe form, the skin can blister, crack and bleed. Eczema appears on the neck, face, scalp and joints.

Folliculitis Folliculitis is also called "razor burn," a rash caused by shaving. More specifically, it's the inflammation of one or more hair follicles. After you shave, new hairs get trapped as they try to push through the follicle. This irritates the skin and provokes the appearance of little red bumps.

Psoriasis Psoriasis persists on the elbows and knees as protruding red lesions covered by a white scaly layer of dead skin cells. This lifelong disease results from abnormal activity of the immune system, which leads to excess skin cell production and inflammation on the skin that surrounds the joints.

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